In general, tips and gratuities are included in the package, unless otherwise noted. When on your own before or after the program, in Italy for example, you don’t need to leave tips but can leave an extra 5% to 10%; small tips to hotel staff are appreciated – 1 Euro per day for chambermaids, a few Euros for bellhops, doormen calling a cab, 50 cents.  Taxis are happy with 5%-10%.